Information & Involvement
Brief History Of Palestine
1904 the Fourth Zionist Congress decided to establish a national
home for Jews in Argentina.
1906 the Zionist congress decided the Jewish homeland
should be Palestine.
1914 With the outbreak of World War I, Britain promised the
independence of Arab lands under Ottoman rule, including
Palestine, in return for Arab support against Turkey which had
entered the war on the side of Germany.
1916 Britain and France signed the Sykes-Picot Agreement,
which divided the Arab region into zones of influence. Lebanon and
Syria were assigned to France, Jordan and Iraq to Britain and
Palestine was to be internationalized.
1917 The British government issued the Balfour Declaration
on November 2, in the form of a letter to a British Zionist leader
from the foreign secretary Arthur J. Balfour prmissing him the
establishment of a national home for the Jewish people in
1917-1918 Aided by the Arabs, the British captured
Palestine from the Ottoman Turks. The Arabs revolted against the
Turks because the British had promised them, in correspondence
with Shareef Husein ibn Ali of Mecca, the independence of their
countries after the war. Britain, however, also made other,
conflicting commitments in the secret Sykes-Picot agreement with
France and Russia (1916), it promised to divide and rule the
region with its allies. In a third agreement, the Balfour
Declaration of 1917, Britain promised the Jews a Jewish "national
home" in Palestine .
1918 After WW I ended, Jews began to migrate to Palestine,
which was set a side as a British mandate with the approval of the
League of Nations in 1922. Large-scale Jewish settlement and
extensive Zionist agricultural and industrial enterprises in
Palestine began during the British mandatory period, which lasted
1919 The Palestinians convened their first National
Conference and expressed their opposition to the Balfour
1920 The San Remo Conference granted Britain a mandate over
Palestine. and two years later Palestine was effectively under
British administration. Sir Herbert Samuel, a declared Zionist,
was sent as Britain's first High Commissioner to Palestine.
1922 The Council of the League of Nations issued a Mandate
1929 Large-scale attacks on Jews by Arabs rocked Jerusalem.
Palestinians killed 133 Jews and suffered 116 deaths. Sparked by a
dispute over use of the Western Wall of Al-Aqsa Mosque ( this site
is sacred to Muslims, but Jews claimed it is the remaining of jews
temple all studies shows clearly that the wall is from the Islamic
ages and it is part of al-Aqsa Mosque). But the roots of the
conflict lay deeper in Arab fears of the Zionist movement which
aimed to make at least part of British-administered Palestine a
1936 The Palestinians held a six-month General Strike to
protest against the confiscation of land and Jewish immigration.
1937 Peel Commission, headed by Lord Robert Peel, issued a
report. Basically, the commission concluded, the mandate in
Palestine was unworkable There was no hope of any cooperative
national entity there that included both Arabs and Jews. The
commission went on to recommend the partition of Palestine into a
Jewish state, an Arab state, and a neutral sacred-site state to be
administered by Britain.
1939 The British government published a White Paper
restricting Jewish immigration and offering independence for
Palestine within ten years. This was rejected by the Zionists, who
then organized terrorist groups and launched a bloody campaign
against the British and the Palestinians.
1947 Great Britain decided to leave Palestine and called on the
United Nations (UN) to make recommendations. In response, the UN
convened its first special session and on November 29, 1947, it
adopted a plan calling for partition of Palestine into Jewish and
Arab states, with Jerusalem as an international zone under UN
1947 Arab protests against partition erupted in violence,
with attacks on Jewish settlements in retalation to the attacks of
Jews terrorist groups to Arab Towns and villages and massacres in
hundred against unarmed Palestinian in there homes.
15 May 1948 British decided to leave on this day, leaders
of the Yishuv decided (as they claim) to implement that part of
the partition plan calling for establishment of a Jewish state.
The same day, the armies of Egypt, Transjordan (now Jordan),
Syria, Lebanon, and Iraq joined Palestinian and other Arab
guerrillas in a full-scale war (first Arab-Israeli War). The Arabs
failed to prevent establishment of a Jewish state, and the war
ended with four UN-arranged armistice agreements between Israel
and Egypt, Lebanon, Jordan, and Syria.
The small Gaza Strip was left under Egyptian control, and the West
Bank was controled by Jordan.
Of the more than 800,000 Arabs who lived in Israeli-held territory
before 1948, only about 170,000 remained. The rest became refugees
in the surrounding Arab countries, ending the Arab majority in the
1956 Attckes incursions by refugee guerrilla bands and
attacks by Arab military units were made, Egypt refused to permit
Israeli ships to use the Suez Canal and blockaded the Straits of
Tiran erupted in the second Arab-Israeli War.
Great Britain and France joined the attack because of their
dispute with Egypt's president Gamal Abdel Nasser, who had
nationalized the Suez Canal. Seizing the Gaza Strip and the Sinai
Peninsula within few days. The fighting was halted by the UN after
a few days, and a UN Emergency Force (UNEF) was sent to supervise
the cease-fire in the Canal zone. By the end of the year their
forces withdrew from Egypt, but Israel refused to leave Gaza until
1965 The Palestine Liberation Organization was established.
1967 Nasser's insistence in 1967 that the UNEF leave Egypt, led
Israel to attack Egypt, Jordan, and Syria simultaneously on 5th of
The war ended six days later with an Israeli victory. Israel
occuiped Gaza Strip, Sinai Peninsula, Arab East Jerusalem, West
Bank, Golan Heights.
After 1967 war, several guerrilla organizations within the
Palestine Liberation Organization (PLO) carried out guerrillas
attacks on Israeli miletary targets, with the stated objective of
1973 Egypt joined Syria in a war on Israel to regain the
territories lost in 1967. The two Arab states struck unexpectedly
on October 6. After crossing the suez channel the Arab forces gain
a lot of advanced positions in Sinai Peninsula and Golan Heights
and manage to defeat the Israeli forces for more then three weeks.
Israeli forces with a massive U.S. economic and military
assistance managed to stop the arab forces after a three-week
struggle. The Arab oil-producing states cut off petroleum exports
to the United States and other Western nations in retaliation for
their aid to Israel.
In an effort to encourage a peace settlement, U.S. secretary of
state, Henry Kissinger, managed to work out military
disengagements between Israel and Egypt in the Sinai and between
Israel and Syria in the Golan Heights during 1974.
1974 The Arab Summit in Rabat recognized the PLO as the
sole legitimate representative of the Palestinian people.
1982 Israel launched an invasion of Lebanon aimed at wiping
out the PLO presence there. By mid-August, after intensive
fighting in and around Bayrut, the PLO agreed to withdraw its
guerrillas from the city. Israeli troops remained in southern
1987 Relations between Israel and the Palestinians entered
a new phase with the intifada, a series of uprisings in the
occupied territories that included demonstrations, strikes, and
rock-throwing attacks on Israeli soldiers.
1988 The PNC meeting in Algiers declared the State of
Palestine as outlined in the UN Partition Plan 181.
Yasser Arafat addressed the UN Security Council In Geneva
demanding UN emergency force to provide international protection
for the Palestinian people to safeguard their lives, properties
and holy places.
1991 The first comprehensive peace talks between Israel and
delegations representing the Palestinians and neighboring Arab
1993 Israel deported 415 Palestinian men to a buffer zone
in southern Lebanon. The deported Palestinians were said by
Israeli authorities to be active members of the militant Islamic
resistance movement Hamas.
1993 Aftersecret negotiations, PM Rabin and PLO Chairman
Yasser Arafat signed an historic peace agreement. Israel agreed to
allow for Palestinian self-rule, first in the Gaza Strip and the
West Bank town of Jericho, and later in other areas of the West
Feb 1994 An American-born Jewish settler in Hebron, Baruch
Goldstein, opened fire in al-Haran al-ebrahime crowded mosque,
killing 29 Muslims and wounding 150 more.
May 1994 In Cairo - Egypt, Yasser Arafat, and Yitzhak
Rabin, signed the final version of the Declaration of Principles.
Within 24 hours of the signing, Israeli military forces were
scheduled to leave the Gaza Strip and Jericho.
July 1994 Yasser Arafat returned to Palestine.
Oct 1994 The Nobel Committee in Oslo, Norway, announced
that the peace prize was being awarded to Israel's Foreign
Minister Shimon Peres and Prime Minister Yitzhak Rabin, and to
Jan. 1995 Martyr bombs kills 19 in Israel.
April 1995 Six killed in Gaza Martyr bombing.
July 1995 Martyr bomb in Tel Avivi.
Aug. 1995 Martyr bomber kills five in Jerusalem.
Sept. 1995 Israeli and PLO officials meeting in Taba,
Egypt, finalized agreement on the second stage of eventual Israeli
withdrawal from Palestinian lands. Special arrangements were
agreed upon for Hebron, where Israeli soldiers will remain to
protect the 450 Jewish settlers living there.
Nov. 1995 Israeli Prime Minister Yitzhak Rabin, was
assassinated in Tel Aviv by a right-wing extremist.
Jan. 1996 PLO Chairman Yasser Arafat elected Presendant of
the Palestinian National Authority.
June 1996 Right-wing Likud Party leader, Benjamin Netanyahu
become the new Prime Minister of Israel.
June 1996 Arab summit discuss the new Israeli Prime
Minister Benjamin Netanyahu's peace plans.
Dec. 1996 Israeli authorities release plans to expand the
Jewish settlements in Arab east Jerusalem, which causes outrage
Jan. 1997 Israel and the Palestinian Authority reached an
agreement for an Israeli redeployment from the West Bank city of
Oct. 1997 Sheik Ahmed Yassin (61-year-old) founder of the
militant Islamic group Hamas was released from Israeli prison, as
part of a prisoner swap touched off by a failed Israeli
assassination attempt in Amman, the capital of Jordan.
Oct. 1998 Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu and
Palestinian leader Yasser Arafat signed at peace-for-land
agreement at the conclusion of negotiations in the U.S. the
agreement calls for Israel to relinquish control of portions of
the West Bank in return for active measures to be taken by
Palestinians against terrorism.
Nov.1998 Palestinian President Yasser Arafat inaugurated
Gaza International Airport.
Dec. 1998 President Clinton stood witness as hundreds of
Palestinian leaders renounced a call for the destruction of
Israel. Clinton urged "legitimate rights for Palestinians, real
security for Israel."
May 1999 Winning a crushing victory over hard-line Prime
Minister Benjamin Netanyahu, Ehud Barak promised to forge a secure
peace with the Palestinians, pull troops out of Lebanon in a year
and heal the deep divisions among Israelis.
Sep. 1999 An agreement has been reached with Israel
concerning the release of Palestinian prisoners. Such release was
a major point of contention in negotiations concerning the
implementation of the Wye River peace accord.
Oct.1999 Israel and the Palestinians agreed to establish
the first open land link between the West Bank and the Gaza Strip
so-called "safe passage".
Mar.2000 Kissing Palestinian earth and warmly welcomed
byYasser Arafat, Pope John Paul II made a prayerful pilgrimage to
the town of Jesus' birth.
PalestineHistory.com for this information